Trauma is defined as “a deeply distressing or disturbing experience.” Most of us would agree that this indescribable time of COVID-19 has been distressing and disturbing.
While it is important to recognize and address our own feelings, we need to be cognizant of the trauma our children may also be experiencing. Dealing with these feelings now can make us all more resilient when things work their way back to normalcy.
Your child (or you) may be demonstrating these behaviors or emotions if they are feeling distressed or disturbed, exhibiting signs of trauma:
- Anxiety, restlessness, inability to feel calm or regulate (manage our moods and behaviors), busyness, difficulty relaxing
- Depression, sadness that does not diminish, limited feelings of happiness, numbing (muting our feelings).
- Fear, clinginess, tearfulness, difficulty soothing, anger (Note: underlying what appears as anger may actually be fear)
- Insomnia or excessive sleeping
What can you do to help your child?
- Kids look to their parents or primary caretakers for cues on how to act or react. Calm, collected, reassuring parents produce calm, collected, and reassured children.
- It can be extraordinarily difficult to do any of those things on good days, and right now, it is crucial we develop and practice those habits to help our children successfully cope. If you need extra support right now, Family Service Agency can help.
- Check in with yourself before “reacting” to your child. Take a moment to calm yourself.
- Imagine what your children are feeling—anxiety, depression, fear? Respond to those feelings and not their behaviors. Use words to describe what they might be feeling.
- Help your child develop their emotional vocabulary. “I feel sad. I am so mad! I am scared.”
Research shows that speaking about our feelings decreases their impact and intensity. Have your child point to the place in their bodies where they feel that feeling and emotion. This helps them put their feelings outside of their bodies instead of keeping them locked inside where they cannot be expressed.
- Remind your children (and yourself) that whatever they are feeling is perfectly fine. It is completely natural to feel whatever they are feeling. Feelings can indicate a need. Help your child figure out what they need and assist them with that need. Do the same for yourself.
- Build resilience. Remind your children (and yourself) of the skills and talents they already have and how they could use them to cope and manage during this time. Notice and praise their successes and healthy ways of coping.
It may be helpful to remember the effects of trauma will remain after we try to get back to “normal.” Our children’s feelings and behaviors may persist long after they return to school and we return to work.
Now is the time to help your child feel safe, secure, loved, listened to, seen, and heard. Research indicates that parents or primary caregivers can reduce the long-term effects of trauma in children by providing these types of nurturing responses.
Contact Family Service Agency or Santa Maria Valley Youth & Family Center if you need help at 805-965-1001.